[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]Modern medicine and pharmaceutical advances have been indispensable to improving quality of life for hundreds of millions in the United States. However, in recent years, pharmaceutical compounds have become a significant group of environmental pollutants. These compounds could pose risks to human health and have adverse environmental effects.
In fact, pharmaceuticals have been detected worldwide in wastewater, surface water, groundwater, and soil. These compounds enter the environment through many channels, including manufacturing waste, household and hospital solid wastes that end up in landfill leachates, and disposal of unused or expired medicine through sewage systems and landfills.
Recognizing the challenge posed by pharmaceutical compounds in the environment, identifying the best treatment options is crucial. Yet, the best treatment strategy also can prove complex. Treatment of pharmaceuticals presents challenges due to the large quantity, their complex and highly stable chemical structure, and their hazardous nature. Currently available physical and chemical remediation methods—including coagulation/flocculation, filtration,... Continue Reading